View Brain Diagram Pituitary Gland Pictures. The pituitary gland is a small gland that sits in the sella turcica ('turkish saddle'), a bony hollow in the base of the skull, underneath the brain and the pituitary gland is an important gland in the body and the hormones it produces carry out varied tasks and regulate the function of many other organs. The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is a very small endocrine gland located inferior to the hypothalamus, at the base of the brain.

Brain and Pituitary
Brain and Pituitary from www.niehs.nih.gov

This is because it controls many other hormone glands in the body. The pituitary gland is situated within the middle cranial fossa of the skull base. The anterior (or front) pituitary produces hormones that affect the breasts, adrenals, thyroid, ovaries and testes, as.

Historically, this endocrine gland was called the pituitary as it was originally thought to produce mucous that discharged through the nose.

The pituitary gland is a tiny organ present at the base of the brain. The hypothalamus and the thalamus, which lies above it figure 2. The pituitary gland is a tiny organ present at the base of the brain. Hypopituitarism is a condition in which the pituitary gland (a small gland at the base of the brain) does not produce one or more of its hormones or not enough of them.

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