44+ What Are The Parts Of The Brain And What Are Their Functions Pics. The objective of this article is to give you an introduction about the parts of the brain and their. The four lobes of the brain are the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes (figure 4).
Start studying parts of the brain and their functions. The cerebrum (front of brain) comprises gray matter (the cerebral cortex) and white matter at its center. The medulla is the bridge between the brain and the spinal cord, in it, we find many neuronal connections and bundles of nerve fibers that transfer information in both directions.
The brain stem accounts for the remaining 5% of the brain's mass, and is (along with the cerebellum), the oldest part of the brain.
Functions of the spinal cord. While there is still a great deal that researchers do not yet know about the brain, they have learned a great deal about the anatomy and function of the brain. In addition, they modulate the beginning and end of movements and influence posture. The brain stem is responsible for regulating the heart and lungs, communications between the brain and the peripheral nervous system (the nerves of the body), our sleep cyc le, and coordinating reflexes.